Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have distinctive behavioral and developmental phenotypes including particular challenges with social skills, communication, and repetitive behaviors.
Currently, no etiology for the disorder has been identified. However, evidence from linkage analyses and family studies suggests that genetics play a significant role in the etiology of ASD.
ASD appears to be affected by complicated environmental and genetic factors, and evidence shows that the disorder is not a single gene disorder.
Specifically, ASD is complex, and the variation shows complicated genotypes influenced by external factors.
In this regard, genetic testing is an essential aspect of the diagnostic assessment of children with ASD. For example, children with definitive etiologies might access specific resources like research studies.
Below are the 4 major reasons genetic testing matters for people with an autism spectrum disorder.
1. Help To Explain the Possible Causes of Autism
As much as genetic testing does not give answers to everyone, it becomes impossible to give information to some families and individuals without testing. The information from targeted next-generation sequencing tests could discover potential future medical conditions and treatment options.
Some variations occur in individuals’ DNA that are not tied to autism.
Given that genetic testing is evolving and new information keeps coming out, the process can help identify DNA mutations more accurately.
A DNA change that was not detected earlier could become important in the future.
Genetic testing for ASD can help identify the likely cause of autism and minimize the long diagnostic process of going from one provider to another trying to look for answers.
After knowing more about the risk of autism, a healthcare provider can create a tentative medical plan and necessary health assessments.
Besides, if a specific genetic variant is identified during testing, it becomes possible to access treatments early, improving an individual’s health and daily quality of life.
There are certain variants of autism that carry high risks for other diseases. In this regard, genetic testing can help identify the risks and possibly treat them.
For example, individuals suffering from the PTEN variant are at a higher risk for cancer.
Therefore, genetic testing can facilitate the screening of such people for cancer, which can help create future health plans and therapies.
The test results of genetic testing can also help give information about other health conditions for individuals with autism.
For example, a gene change linked to hormone production can help evaluate the issues at medical visits to prevent or treat them early.
Through genetic testing, you can find new genetic mutations linked to autism to help more people in the future.
Genetic testing is presently part of autism research studies, and it can help uncover genetic findings related to autism.
Genetic testing is crucial as it helps identify risk factors and treatment protocols that are vital for managing public health and diseases. Therefore, incorporating aspects of genetic testing into treatment protocols is key. Consult with us, to find out how DNA testing can enhance your treatment protocols.